What are the rights can be protected through copyright registration are going to be discussed here. Keep your eyes on this article to know some relevant information about the copyrights.
If copyright protection has been applied rigidly, then it could help for the progress of the society. Copyright laws are with necessary exceptions and limitations to ensure that the balance is maintained between the interests of the creators and the community.
To strike the viable and the appropriate balance between the rights of the copyright owners and the interest of the society as a whole, there are some exceptions in the law.
There are some types of work which are related to social purposes they are religious ceremonies, education and so on are exempted from the operation of the rights granted in the act. Copyrights in a work can be considered as infringed only if the substantial part is made use of unauthorisedly. Substantial varies from case to case, in this place it’s a matter of quality rather than the quantity. For example, even if the phrase is very short if the lyricist copies the catching phrasing from another lyricist’s song, it is considered as infringement.
With respect to certain conditions, a fair deal for study, criticism, research, review, news reporting, as well as works in the schools, libraries and in the legislatures are permitted without the specific permission of the copyright owners. To protect the interests of the users, some of the exemptions been prescribed in respect with the specific uses of works enjoying copyright.
Some of the exemptions are the uses of the work:
- For reporting current events;
- For criticism or review;
- The making of dramatic or musical works, recording of literary under certain circumstances;
- In connections with the judicial proceedings.
- Research or private study;
- Performance by the amateur society or club if the performance been given to the non-paying audience.
Whose rights are protected by copyright?
Copyright protects the rights of the author which means the creator of the intellectual property in the form of drama, music, artistic works, cinematography and sound recordings.
Author is the one who normally considered as the owner of the copyright in a work.
Who is an author?
- In the case of musical work, the composer is an author.
- For sound recording, the producer is the author.
- In case of photography, the photographer is the author.
- The composer is an author in case of musical work.
- The person who is been the reason for the work to be created in case of computer generated works.
- In case of cinematography, the producer would be the author.
Rights in a work:
In case of dramatic, musical and artistic works, the rights are listed here:
- Reproducing the work.
- Perform the work in public or communicate about the work to the public.
- Copies of the work can be issued to the public.
- Include our work in any cinematography film.
- Can make a translation of the work and adapt the work.
- To make sound recording or cinematograph film in respect of the work (in case of musical work).
Rights in cinematography:
- Copy of the film need to be made which includes photograph of any image forming part thereof.
- Selling or giving or offer for sale or hire a copy of the film.
- Communicating about the cinematograph film to the public.
Rights in a sound recording:
- Make any other sound recording embodying it.
- Communicate about the sound recording to the public.
- Offer for sale or sell or give on hire, any copy of the sound recording.
Right of reproduction:
Without the permission of the copyright owner, no person can make one or more copies of a work or of a substantial part of it in any material includes sound and film recording. Most commonly, the printing the edition of work can be reproductive. Reproduction occurs in the storing of our work in a computer memory.
What is the Right of communication to the public?
Communication to the public means making our work been seeing or hearing or enjoying by the public directly or by means of display or diffusion. And also to be noted that it is not necessary that any member of the public actually wants to hear, see or otherwise enjoys the work which are available. For example, a cable operator can transmit a cinematograph film which no other public member can see but still it is a way of communication to the public.
What is adaptation?
It involves the preparation of new work in the same or in a different form based upon the existing work. The following things can be considered as adaptation under copyright act.
- Dramatic work can be converted into non-dramatic work.
- Literary or an artistic work can be converted to dramatic work.
- Rearrangement of dramatic or literary work.
- Through comic form the pictures of literary or dramatic work can be depicted.
- Transcription of musical work which involves the alteration or re-arrangement of an existing work.
- The making of a cinematograph film of a literary or dramatic or a musical work is also an adaptation.
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